P17 Enfield Eddystone
This is an extremely nice rifle in
excellent condition inside and out. Hard to find one this
The walnut stock is clean with only a
few very minor storage dings. No chips or cracks. The
metal parts still retain 95+% of the original parkerizing.
All of the parts are marked with the correct 'E' for
Eddystone. The bore is excellent/mint. By the fact that
there are no scratches on the bolt face or on the magazine
follower, I don't believe this rifle was ever fired.
Comes with an original bayonet
in excellent condition as well. The scabbard is dated 1918. The leather scabbard has
been professionally repaired. The metal tip and the center
section broke as the leather is very stiff and brittle after
100 years. The repairs were done by gluing in tin sleeves to
stiffen and reinforce the breaks. It also has the original
cleaning kit in the buttstock. The leather sling is an excellent reproduction.
A little history on this rifle.
Scroll down if it looks boring:
The M1917 Enfield American Enfield formally named United
States Rifle, cal .30, Model of 1917
is an American modification and production of the.303-inch
Pattern 1914 Enfield(P14) rifle (listed in British Service as Rifle No. 3) developed
and manufactured during the period 1917–1918. Numerically, it was the main rifle used by the American
Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I.
As it entered World War I, the UK had an urgent need for
rifles, and contracts for the new rifle were placed with arms companies in
the United States. They decided to ask these companies to
produce the new rifle design in the old .303 British
chambering for convenience of ammunition logistics. The new
rifle was termed the "Pattern 14". In the case of the P14
rifle Winchester and Remington were selected. A third manufacturer,
Eddystone Arsenal–a subsidiary of Remington – was tooled up at the Baldwin
Locomotive Works in Eddystone, Pennsylvania.
Thus, three variations of the P14 and M1917 exist, labeled
"Winchester," "Remington" or "Eddystone"
When the U.S. entered the war, it had a similar need for
rifles. The Springfield
Armory had delivered approximately 843,000 M1903
Springfield rifles, but due to the difficulties in
production, rather than re-tool the Pattern 14 factories to
produce the standard U.S. rifle, the M1903 Springfield, it was realized that it would be much quicker to adapt the
British design. Although it might have been faster to retain
chambering for the .303 British military cartridge, the
design was modified for the U.S. .30-06 Springfield
cartridge to simplify ammunition logistics. The Enfield
design was well-suited to the .30-06 Springfield; it was a
big, strong action and was originally intended to employ a
long, powerful, rimless bottlenecked cartridge. Accordingly,
Remington Arms Co. altered the design for caliber .30-06
Springfield, under the close supervision of the U.S. Army
Ordnance Department, which was formally adopted as the U.S.
Rifle, Caliber .30, Model of 1917. In addition to
Remington's production at Ilion, New York and Eddystone,
Pennsylvania, Winchester produced the rifle at their New
Haven, Connecticut plant, a combined total more than
twice the 1903's production, and was the unofficial service
rifle. Eddystone made 1,181,908 rifles – more than the
production of Remington (545,541 rifles) and Winchester
(465,980 rifles) combined Although
standardization with interchangeable parts was intended,
early Winchester rifles (including the first five-thousand
with a simple W on the receiver rather than
Winchester) used slightly differing parts, causing
interchangeability issues with the rifles produced by
Remington and Eddystone until Winchester corrected the
problem in later production.
Design changes were few; the stripper clip feed, internal
box magazine, bolt face, chamber and rifling dimensions were
altered to suit the .30-06 Springfield cartridge and the US
pattern 5-round stripper clips, the stock was slightly
redesigned, lightening it somewhat, and the volley fire
sights on the left side of the weapon were deleted. The
markings were changed to reflect the model and caliber
change. A 16.5-inch blade bayonet, the M1917
bayonet was produced for use on the rifle; it was later
used on several other small arms including the M97 M12 trench
shotguns and early M1 Garands.
The new rifle was used alongside the M1903
Springfield and quickly surpassed the Springfield design
in numbers produced and units issued. By November 11, 1918
about 75% of the AEF in France were armed with M1917s.
An M1917 Enfield rifle was used by Sergeant Alvin
C. York on October 8, 1918, during the event for which
he was awarded the Medal
of Honor as the U.S. 82nd
Division's (which York was a part of) official history
states the division had been issued the M1917 (Eddystone),
then replaced them with the No 1 Mk III Lee-Enfield while training with the British in
the north of France, then were reissued M1917 rifles (Eddystone). According
to his diary, Sergeant York also used a Colt
M1911 semi-automatic pistol on that day.
Overall a very nice, clean rifle.
The pictures will tell you more.
Contact me if you need pictures of something I missed.
FFL or C&R required.